이것저것.. 원본 소스까지 뒤지고 있는데 이렇다 할 원하는 답이 안보인다.

[링크 : https://www.tensorflow.org/model_optimization/guide/quantization/training]

[링크 : https://www.tensorflow.org/model_optimization/guide/quantization/training_example]

[링크 : https://github.com/tensorflow/.../lite/g3doc/performance/post_training_quantization.md]

[링크 : https://github.com/tensorflow/.../lite/g3doc/performance/quantization_spec.md]

 

util_test.py

def _generate_integer_tflite_model(quantization_type=dtypes.int8):
  """Define an integer post-training quantized tflite model."""
  # Load MNIST dataset
  n = 10  # Number of samples
  (train_images, train_labels), (test_images, test_labels) = \
      tf.keras.datasets.mnist.load_data()
  train_images, train_labels, test_images, test_labels = \
      train_images[:n], train_labels[:n], test_images[:n], test_labels[:n]

  # Normalize the input image so that each pixel value is between 0 to 1.
  train_images = train_images / 255.0
  test_images = test_images / 255.0

  # Define TF model
  model = tf.keras.Sequential([
      tf.keras.layers.InputLayer(input_shape=(28, 28)),
      tf.keras.layers.Reshape(target_shape=(28, 28, 1)),
      tf.keras.layers.Conv2D(filters=12, kernel_size=(3, 3), activation="relu"),
      tf.keras.layers.MaxPooling2D(pool_size=(2, 2)),
      tf.keras.layers.Flatten(),
      tf.keras.layers.Dense(10)
  ])

  # Train
  model.compile(
      optimizer="adam",
      loss=tf.keras.losses.SparseCategoricalCrossentropy(from_logits=True),
      metrics=["accuracy"])

  model.fit(
      train_images,
      train_labels,
      epochs=1,
      validation_split=0.1,
  )

  # Convert TF Model to an Integer Quantized TFLite Model
  converter = tf.lite.TFLiteConverter.from_keras_model(model)
  converter.optimizations = {tf.lite.Optimize.DEFAULT}
  def representative_dataset_gen():
    for _ in range(2):
      yield [
          np.random.uniform(low=0, high=1, size=(1, 28, 28)).astype(
              np.float32)
      ]
  converter.representative_dataset = representative_dataset_gen
  if quantization_type == dtypes.int8:
    converter.target_spec.supported_ops = {tf.lite.OpsSet.TFLITE_BUILTINS_INT8}
  else:
    converter.target_spec.supported_ops = {
        tf.lite.OpsSet
        .EXPERIMENTAL_TFLITE_BUILTINS_ACTIVATIONS_INT16_WEIGHTS_INT8
    }
  tflite_model = converter.convert()

  return tflite_model

 

lite_v2_test.py

  def _getIntegerQuantizeModel(self):
    np.random.seed(0)

    root = tracking.AutoTrackable()

    @tf.function(
        input_signature=[tf.TensorSpec(shape=[1, 5, 5, 3], dtype=tf.float32)])
    def func(inp):
      conv = tf.nn.conv2d(
          inp, tf.ones([3, 3, 3, 16]), strides=[1, 1, 1, 1], padding='SAME')
      output = tf.nn.relu(conv, name='output')
      return output

    def calibration_gen():
      for _ in range(5):
        yield [np.random.uniform(-1, 1, size=(1, 5, 5, 3)).astype(np.float32)]

    root.f = func
    to_save = root.f.get_concrete_function()
    return (to_save, calibration_gen)


 def testInvalidIntegerQuantization(self, is_int16_quantize,
                                     inference_input_output_type):
    func, calibration_gen = self._getIntegerQuantizeModel()

    # Convert quantized model.
    quantized_converter = lite.TFLiteConverterV2.from_concrete_functions([func])
    quantized_converter.optimizations = [lite.Optimize.DEFAULT]
    quantized_converter.representative_dataset = calibration_gen
    if is_int16_quantize:
      quantized_converter.target_spec.supported_ops = [
          lite.OpsSet.\
          EXPERIMENTAL_TFLITE_BUILTINS_ACTIVATIONS_INT16_WEIGHTS_INT8,
          lite.OpsSet.TFLITE_BUILTINS
      ]
    with self.assertRaises(ValueError) as error:
      quantized_converter.inference_input_type = dtypes.int8
      quantized_converter.inference_output_type = dtypes.int8
      quantized_converter.convert()
    self.assertEqual(
        'The inference_input_type and inference_output_type '
        "must be in ['tf.float32', 'tf.int16'].", str(error.exception))


  def testCalibrateAndQuantizeBuiltinInt16(self):
    func, calibration_gen = self._getIntegerQuantizeModel()

    # Convert float model.
    float_converter = lite.TFLiteConverterV2.from_concrete_functions([func])
    float_tflite_model = float_converter.convert()
    self.assertIsNotNone(float_tflite_model)

    converter = lite.TFLiteConverterV2.from_concrete_functions([func])
    # TODO(b/156309549): We should add INT16 to the builtin types.
    converter.optimizations = [lite.Optimize.DEFAULT]
    converter.target_spec.supported_ops = [lite.OpsSet.TFLITE_BUILTINS_INT8]
    converter.representative_dataset = calibration_gen
    converter._experimental_calibrate_only = True
    calibrated_tflite = converter.convert()
    quantized_tflite_model = mlir_quantize(
        calibrated_tflite, inference_type=_types_pb2.QUANTIZED_INT16)

    self.assertIsNotNone(quantized_tflite_model)

    # The default input and output types should be float.
    interpreter = Interpreter(model_content=quantized_tflite_model)
    interpreter.allocate_tensors()
    input_details = interpreter.get_input_details()
    self.assertLen(input_details, 1)
    self.assertEqual(np.float32, input_details[0]['dtype'])
    output_details = interpreter.get_output_details()
    self.assertLen(output_details, 1)
    self.assertEqual(np.float32, output_details[0]['dtype'])

    # Ensure that the quantized weights tflite model is smaller.
    self.assertLess(len(quantized_tflite_model), len(float_tflite_model))

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