Linux2008.12.19 20:05
man find

       -type c
              File is of type c:

              b      block (buffered) special

              c      character (unbuffered) special

              d      directory

              p      named pipe (FIFO)

              f      regular file

              l      symbolic link; this is never true if the -L option or the -follow option is in effect,
                     unless  the symbolic link is broken.  If you want to search for symbolic links when -L
                     is in effect, use -xtype.

              s      socket

              D      door (Solaris)


'ls -l'을  실행하면
$ ll
total 1922
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root    4096 Nov 15 04:17 bin
drwxr-xr-x   4 root root    1024 Apr 11  2008 boot
drwxr-xr-x  12 root root    3900 Nov 14 13:07 dev
drwxr-xr-x 101 root root   12288 Dec 15 04:15 etc
drwxr-xr-x  10 root root    4096 Aug 19 13:59 home
drwxr-xr-x  14 root root    4096 Apr 11  2008 lib
drwx------   2 root root   16384 Apr 10  2008 lost+found
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root    4096 Nov 14 13:07 media
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root       0 Nov 14 13:07 misc
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root       0 Nov 14 13:07 mnt
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root       0 Nov 14 13:07 net
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root    4096 Jun 19  2008 nfsroot
drwxr-xr-x   3 root root    4096 May 29  2008 opt
dr-xr-xr-x 195 root root       0 Nov 14 13:06 proc
drwxr-x---  29 root root    4096 Dec 17 11:00 root
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root   12288 Apr 11  2008 sbin
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root    4096 Apr 10  2008 selinux
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root    4096 Oct 11  2006 srv
drwxr-xr-x  12 root root       0 Nov 14 13:06 sys
drwxr-xr-x   2 root root    4096 Dec 17 13:30 tftpboot
drwxrwxrwt  16 root dev    90112 Dec 19 20:01 tmp
drwxr-xr-x  15 root root    4096 May 30  2008 usr
drwxr-xr-x  24 root root    4096 Apr 10  2008 var

이런식으로 퍼미션과 파일의 종류가 출력이 된다.
아무튼 일반적으로 보이는 녀석들은

- 일반 파일
b Block device
c Character device
d Directory
l symbolic Link

인데 드물게 보이는 녀석들이 존재 한다.
prw------- 1 morpheuz dev        0 Jul 15 13:21 initctl
crw-rw---- 1 morpheuz dev  61,   0 May 30  2008 lirc
srwxr-xr-x 1 morpheuz dev        0 Oct 20 19:57 lircd
brw-rw---- 1 morpheuz dev   7,   0 May 30  2008 loop0

이 녀석들의 의미는 역설적이게도.. find에서 찾아 냈다.

p name Pipe
s Socket


Posted by 구차니

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